What are preprints?
What is engrXiv?
How do you pronounce engrXiv?
What is open access?
What is a “preprint”, “postprint”, or “eprint”?
What is engrXiv’s relationship with arXiv?
What can I post to engrXiv?
Can I post non-English articles?
What about other research materials?
What licenses are available?
Does this specific journal allow me to share preprints in engrXiv?
Does Google Scholar index engrXiv?
Do papers that are upload to engrXiv receive a Digital Object Identifier?
Can I add comments on a preprint?
Can I withdraw my preprint?
What are the benefits of using engrXiv?
What is the legal status of engrXiv?
How can we be sure that engrXiv will remain independent?
How can I support engrXiv?
What is the Center for Open Science (COS) and the Open Science Framework (OSF)?
If you’re brand new to preprints? Check out this introductory video from ASAPBio.
engrXiv, the eprint server for engineering, is a partner of the nonprofit Center for Open Science (COS) and is housed at the University of Wisconsin-Stout. engrXiv provides a free and publicly accessible platform for engineers and engineering researchers to upload working papers, pre-prints, published papers, data, and code. engrXiv is dedicated to open dissemination of engineering knowledge, to reach more people more effectively, to improve research, and build the future of scholarly communication. Since the development of engrXiv was first announced in July 2016, we have been dedicated to building the premier rapid dissemination tool for engineering.
Short answer, “engineering archive.” Want to know more, we’ve written a little about the name here.
Historically, academic journal articles are published behind “paywalls,” which means only those who have a subscription (often through their university library) or the ability to pay can access and read them. Open access refers to the practice of making academic research publicly available for free, which means more people can access and read it.
A preprint is generally considered to be “a manuscript draft that has not yet been subject to formal peer review, distributed to receive early feedback on research from peers” (Source: Open Research Glossary). Some people also refer to this as an “unrefereed preprint.” By another definition, “preprint” includes papers that have been accepted for publication in a scholarly journal, but not yet been “printed” (on paper or electronically). For example, when journals post accepted papers that have not yet been “published,” these may be called preprints as well. A “postprint” is another name that is sometimes used for article in this state. At engrXiv, we sometimes use the term “eprint” to collectively refer to both preprints and postprints.
ArXiv is a trademark of Cornell University, used under license. This license should not be understood to indicate endorsement of content on engrXiv by Cornell University or ArXiv. engrXiv operates independently as part of the open access community of projects supported by the Center for Open Science.
Although engrXiv is part of the Open Science Framework Preprints service, we host academic research at a number of stages in the research process:
engrXiv is happy to accept non-English articles. We would request that you post with an English title and abstract. If you need assistance with producing an English title and abstract, please email email@example.com and we will do our best to help with translation. You might also consider adding an English version of the article on the paper’s project page (see Other Materials), if available. To that end, authors for articles where the primary language is English are also encouraged to upload non-English versions to the paper’s project page.
Every paper on engrXiv can be easily associated with a “Project” on the Open Science Framework platform. Researchers can attach data, code, or other research materials to their papers by including them in the associated project. We also encourage sharing data and code on the Open Science Framework in the spirit of openness and transparency. These other materials could also include article versions in other languages or a simplified version for greater public consumption.
When you upload your article, you are given the option to license it. Although you’re not required to license your preprint, doing so provides a means for you to communicate how you would like others to use your work. The current licenses available on engrXiv are CC0 1.0 Universal and CC BY Attribution 4.0 International. These are open licenses. If you’re going to share supplemental data and/or code, OSF Projects can be licensed separately from the preprints. Additional licenses are available on projects. For more information about licenses, see further info from Creative Commons.
Most publishers do permit sharing of preprint versions. And most journals will let you submit a working paper that has previously been posted. For example, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) explicitly permits authors to post their papers in non-peer reviewed repositories, as long as IEEE is acknowledged as the copyright holder upon publication in an IEEE journal. You can check a specific journal by looking at their website or try Sherpa Romeo, which is a database of publisher copyright and self-archiving policies.
Yes, as of April 2017 Google Scholar is successfully ingesting and linking to engrXiv papers (and other papers on the OSF Preprints server).
Note that if you observe that Google Scholar doesn’t seem to be indexing your paper, please check the following:
Please note that it can take up to a few weeks for Google Scholar to index a new post. Sometimes it is fast, sometimes it is slow. Unfortunately, we don’t have much control over the process.
Yes! All engrXiv papers are automatically assigned a DOI upon submission. In addition, if a paper has a DOI from a different publisher, such as the journal, that information can be included when uploading to engrXiv, which will allow the preprint to link to the latest published version. Further, if you later publish a paper that is on engrXiv with a journal, you can update the preprint with the journal’s assigned DOI. In fact, many publishers require this.
Yes! We have integrated with the annotation service Hypothesis which uses the W3C web annotation standard to providing commenting and highlighting capabilities directly with the preprint preview for all preprints. Annotations made using Hypothesis are licensed CC0. For more information on annotating preprints, see this help document.
Authors may request to withdraw a preprint if they deem this to be legally necessary. Withdrawal requests should be rare and only made when absolutely necessary, such as for legal compliance with publisher copyright policies. In most circumstances, editing the preprint to upload a new version or to edit the metadata is the preferred course of action. If the author withdraws a preprint prior to moderator acceptance, the preprint will be immediately removed from the moderation queue and will leave no public record. If the preprint has already been posted publicly, after moderator approval of the submission, withdrawal then requires moderator approval. The requestor must provide a reason for requesting withdrawal, which will be considered by the moderator and made public if approved by the moderator. If approved, the preprint file will no longer be available. However, basic metadata including the title, authors, and the reason for withdrawal submitted by the corresponding author will remain public.
engrXiv is a partner of the nonprofit Center for Open Science (COS), and engrXiv as a web platform is hosted on the OSF Framework. As a legal entity, engrXiv is administered by Open Engineering Inc., a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization under the direction of Devin Berg. The engrXiv Steering Committee is actively involved in an advisory role, and volunteer working groups provide additional assistance.
engrXiv does not own your papers and anyone can always continue to give them away for free, which means that the service does not have much monetary value to a private entity. In addition, the whole Center for Open Science system is backed up by “a $250,000 preservation fund for hosted data in the event that COS had to curtail or close its offices. If activated, the preservation fund will preserve and maintain read access to hosted data.”
We are so glad you asked! The easiest way to support engrXiv is to help us spread the word. Use the service and encourage your friends to use it. If you meant financially, we can accept individual one-time or recurring donations. If you represent a foundation or other grant giving agency interested in partnering with us, please get in touch with engrXiv Director Devin Berg at firstname.lastname@example.org.
COS is our technology partner and the owner of OSF Preprints, the platform on which engrXiv runs. OSF Preprints is a part of OSF, which “provides free and open source project management support for researchers across the entire research lifecycle.” It not only hosts engrXiv papers, but also allows you to link your papers to other components of your research projects, such as data and code. You can learn more about COS by visiting their FAQ page.